Tech

Hundreds of Nuclear Explosions: Semipalatinsk

Semipalatinsk Test Site, located near the city of Semey in the northeast of Kazakhstan, hosted hundreds of nuclear weapons trials during the USSR.

One of the popular theories about how the end of mankind will come is nuclear weapons that can be used in wars and nuclear wars between countries. Even though there are anti-nuclear agreements signed by states today, it is impossible to know what is going on behind closed doors. In this article, we will focus on the area called Semipalatinsk, which was used by Soviet Russia for testing nuclear weapons.

Semipalatinsk Test Site, located in the northeastern part of Kazakhstan, a member of TURKSOY, was used by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), which was abolished in 1991, for more than 450 nuclear tests.

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Tests in the region started in 1949 and ended in 1989, and more than 100 nuclear explosions were carried out above ground and 100 underground. It is interesting to note that even though there have been so many nuclear weapons trials, the villages and towns nearby have not been evacuated in the early days.

This negligence of the politicians of the period put the health of the people living in the surrounding areas at risk. Even if the region is evacuated later, the diseases of those affected by radiation emitted from here in time have become permanent. Between 1949 and 1956, it was observed that the germ line mutation caused by radiation increased cardiovascular diseases in health studies conducted on people in this region.

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This region, which hosted two-thirds of the nuclear tests of the Soviet Union, also witnessed a quarter of the world's nuclear tests. The last test in this area, chosen by Lavrentiy Beria in 1947, was carried out in 1989 two years before the collapse of the Soviet Union.