Jupiter's Magnetic Field Has Two South Pole

A new study revealed that Jupiter's magnetic field had two southern poles, unlike all known planets.

Scientists analyzed Jupiter with NASA's Juno spacecraft. The unmanned vehicle, which reached the planet in 2016, mapped only 4,000 miles on the surface of Jupiter, mapping the planet's magnetic field to unprecedented detail.

Leeds University planet scientist Chris Stones of Leeds University in England said, "We have a clear view of the magnetic field of Jupiter, almost as clear as our knowledge of the Earth's field, which tells us what is going on in the depths of a planet other than Earth

Harvard University planetary scientist Kimberly Moore, the director of the research, said, "Prior to Juno, our best maps of Jupiter's magnetic field looked like those of Earth, but these new findings suggest that Jupiter's magnetic field is radically

One way of determining the magnetic field of the planet is to color the spot where the magnetic flux coming out of the planet comes from the spot with red, and the spot where the magnetic flux returns is with the blue spot. When this color scheme is applied in the world, relatives of the northern pole receive red color and relatives of the southern pole receive blue color.


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Jupiter's magnetic field is surprisingly different. When the same color schemes were used, a band red color near the north pole of Jupiter was obtained while the blue color was seen at two different points;

Chris Jones, who was not involved in the survey, said, "The magnetic field of Jupiter was supposed to be like Earth's, and now we see it's completely different."

In addition, in the Earth, parts of the planet's magnetic field that do not prefer one pole to the other often show the division between the poles is diffuse and lacks color. In contrast, Jupiter's non-preferred magnetic field in both poles is almost entirely concentrated in the northern hemisphere.

Scientists think that the planets originate from the dinamar of the magnetic fields. The movements of dynamos cause electrons to move within the fluid, creating electric currents that cause magnetic fields to form. In the world, these liquids are composed of molten metals such as iron and nickel. In Jupiter, unusually high pressure and density in the planet cause the hydrogen gas to turn into a liquid metallic hydrogen.

Researchers claim that the strange nature of Jupiter's magnetic field may be due to this unique inner structure.

In addition, Jupiter is made up of a mixture of hydrogen and helium, while the dinosaur of the Earth operates in a relatively simple, uniform liquid outer core in the solid interior of the planet, scientists think that the core of Jupiter is "dissolved and mixed with the inner half of the planet." which can not always mix well. Finally, Moore says, "Like heaps of water in the Earth, helium may have been falling on the planet in Jupiter, and the winds of Jupiter may be descending into the depths of electrical conductivity enough to affect the magnetic field. s interior can be shed light on which scenario is right. He added his words.