What we are doing us is our memory. Thanks to him, we know our friends, we remember our past, or we know what we love. These are also the items that ensure the continuity of our self.
Do we know how our panties work? How do we forget about how many things we remember? Or why did we forget what we forgot? There are, of course, answers to this question of science …
Three different forms of memory
Memory shows itself technically in 3 different ways. These are remembering, recognizing and learning again. For example, consider the exams you have entered at school. The main measure of these exams is that you can access the information you store using these 3 ways. E.g; the way to give the right answer in the question of filling a gap which is asked of the capital of an country. But you need to know the knowledge you see to answer the questions of a multiple-choice exam correctly. To learn again, the information you learned earlier before an important final exam recapitulates in a shorter time.
How do we store our memories?
At the end of the 1960s, US psychologists Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin divided the process of forming the memory into three different stages; sensory memory, short-term memory and long-term memory. According to this, we take the information we encounter first into sensory memory. It is possible that the information in this memory will fly away at any time, because the information that we assume we can not do for a long time is stored in this memory type.
Short-term memory, on the contrary to sensory memory, consists not only of the information we perceive but also of the information that we are paying attention to at the same time. But the reason for being short-lived is that it contains information that is not repeated and is quickly forgotten. You got a phone number from your friend and you've done it 1-2 times until you get a note. After you have taken notes, the information has completely gone from your memory.
Those stored in memory for a long time are talents, beliefs, and other information that you have not forgotten throughout our lives. In a long-term memory, some information may disappear over time. E.g; If you do not use a language you know for a long time, you can start to forget it. Lakin nevertheless, a great majority of the information stored in this memory type remains with you for life.
The colleagues of Atkinson and Shiffrin, who came after themselves, introduced a different concept than long-term memory: working memory.
According to this, all of our forms of short-lived information storage over a long period of time make up running memory. And at this point there are 2 different types of operations: open and implicit. The explicit process implies that we take the information consciously and store the memory, whereas the implicit process is relatively more automatic. For example;
According to the working memory model, we can see that there is a smell of food we had while walking on the street. the way of remembering the information later is to save it to our working memory.