While activists of Extinction Rebellion blocked several bridges on their third day of protest in Berlin, causing a "mid-chaos" according to the traffic information center, the German government supported a comprehensive package on climate protection on Wednesday. It consists of a draft for a new federal climate protection law and the "Climate Protection Program 2030", with which the Cabinet formulates its cornerstones from the end of September.
Germany's climate goals are now for the first time legally binding. By 2050, the Federal Republic will be largely climate neutral according to the plan. In the overall balance, Germany may then only spread as many climate killers as they do, for example through afforestation or CO2Storage compensates again. Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze (SPD) sees this as a clear signal to all sectors "to prepare in good time for an economy without fossil energy sources".
Emissions of greenhouse gases are expected to fall 55 percent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. With the bill the Cabinet wants to prescribe how much CO2 each area may discharge per year. Clearly quantified and verifiable sector targets for each year between 2020 and 2030 apply. At the same time, the Federal Environment Agency and an independent expert council are to monitor annually whether a sector emits too much carbon dioxide. In this case, the responsible ministries would have to take immediate action and take countermeasures.
Impetus to the traffic change
The associated protection program describes in detail numerous projects that the Cabinet will decide later this year. A large complex is thereby providing impetus to the traffic turnaround. "The Federal Government will increase the motor vehicle tax to the CO2According to one of the announcements, this measure, which mainly affects SUVs, promises politicians a much higher "steering effect when buying new cars" towards lower-emission or zero-emission propulsion systems ,
In contrast to earlier drafts for the cornerstones, the Cabinet remains vague here. So she writes only that for new registrations from the beginning of 2021 to the tax base mainly on the CO2-Test values per kilometer and above 95 grams CO2 per kilometer "in two emission levels".
In order to put up to ten million e-cars on the road by 2030, the government intends to extend the purchase premium from the federal government and the manufacturers indefinitely beyond 2020 for passenger cars with electric, hybrid and hydrogen or fuel cell drives Raise vehicles under 40,000 euros. The company car scheme for the use of a fully electric car or a plug-in hybrid is to be extended to 2030, the company car tax for pure electric cars are reduced to a price of 40,000 euros from 0.5 to 0.25 percent. An electrical quota is still not there.
More charging stations
The cabinet also relies on a forced expansion of publicly accessible charging infrastructure, which it considers to be a "basic requirement for the acceptance and increase of electromobility". With a "master plan", it intends to work to ensure that "in Germany by 2030 a total of one million charging points are available". So far, the grand coalition has set itself the goal of "making at least 100,000 additional charging points available for electric vehicles by 2020". But she is a long way from this brand.
Now the government wants to "talk in particular with the car manufacturers and the energy industry", how a "needs-based supply" can be secured. It announces a condition, for example, "that charging points are offered at all petrol stations in Germany". Since most of the charging takes place at home or at work, the "shared private and commercial charging infrastructure" should be promoted and simplified in the home ownership law and tenancy law.
Thanks to a reduced rate, the government wants to reduce train tickets, prevent dumping prices for airline tickets, make public transport more attractive, extend cycle paths or promote alternative fuels such as e-fuel. Gasoline, diesel, heating oil and natural gas are to be from 2021 with a CO2Price of 10 € per tonne will be more expensive, the surcharge could then gradually increase to 2025 to 35 €.
For many, the package is not far enough. "The era of Merkel will end as it began: broken promises and too few acts in climate protection," complains Andree Böhling of Greenpeace. "The implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement and the 1.5-degree target thus completely loses sight of the government." According to Greenpeace, the decisions have to be understood by young people as an attack on their future. A minimum consensus is not enough to stop the escalation of the climate crisis. For Greenpeace it was clear: "The climate protests have just begun."
The whole thing "still thought out and not coherent with the objectives of the energy transition," says Stefan Kapferer of the Federal Association of Energy and Water (BDEW). The expansion of wind turbines will be made even more difficult. The "tentative entry into the CO2Green faction leader Anton Hofreiter complained that black and red "wasted a historic opportunity." The "ineffective, unconcrete and anti-social" package falls further behind what is necessary and what would be socially possible. "Judged by the" humanity challenge climate protection ", the government had failed.
. (tagsToTranslate) electric car (t) electric mobility (t) climate protection (t) climate change (t) charging stations (t) fossil fuels