When we experience a situation in which we cannot get out, we often accept our defeat without realizing it. So do you think desperation is a habit? This question is answered today on our corner of psychology experiments.
When we experience bad events, we often have to make an effort to overcome this situation. Of course, this is not a general rule. When some people decide that they can't handle things, they just give up.
Let's say you're always getting bad grades from math. Have you ever told yourself “I don't understand math anyway, I don't have talent Kend? Of course, we can multiply examples of failures. We're not going to deal with failures today, but we'll deal with why the end of failures don't come. First we're looking at a strange experiment.
Psychologist Martin Seligman and Steven F. Maier decided to experiment on dogs to elucidate this issue:
The researchers were given electroshock to dogs after a signal and signal. This process was continued on dogs for a certain period of time. The dogs now learn that electric current will come after the beep. They're conditioned to a signal.
A cage was designed for the second part of the experiment. The floor of this cage consisted of two sections separated by a barrier. The floor of a section gave the dogs an electroshock, and the other side did not. The dogs were able to jump over the barrier and cross over to the other compartment.
A second group was added to the experiment, which was unaware of the situation.
The dogs in the second group jumped from the barrier when they came off the ground and saved themselves. Dogs conditioned to the signal tone, even if they are multiplied, do not jump from the barrier, waiting immensely in the event of a electric shock:
In the first phase of the experiment, the dogs, who were conditioned by the sound of the signal, stopped on the electric floor while they could escape, and the researchers prepared another mechanism. This time, Seligman and his friend formed three different groups of subjects.
The dogs in group 1 were bound to the belt for a period of time and then released,
The dogs in group 2 were tied to the same arch and exposed to electroshock. The dogs were able to stop the shock by pressing a button on their panel with their noses.
The dogs in group 3 were likewise attached to the belt and subjected to shock. This time there was no key to stop the shock, so it was impossible for them to get rid of it.
Seligman brought back his two-chamber cage, the members of each group being tested in this cage. As a result,
The dogs in Group 1 and 2 jumped from the barrier and fled to the electric field when they were caught in the electric current.
Members of group 3 did not make any attempt to escape the electric current. However, all they had to do to get rid of the electricity was to jump to the other side.
The dogs in the 3rd group, who were not tied to the belt and offered no solution to get rid of the electric current, were conditioned to never escape. The dogs in group 1 knew they would be saved immediately; The dogs in group 2 discovered that the electric current would stop when they touched a key with their noses. They had a solution for them. As a matter of fact, there was no solution for the 3rd group. The researchers taught desperation to dogs in group 3
The subjects who learned the helplessness could not see an easy solution even at their noses. They were unresponsive because they accepted the helplessness. In fact we have a situation that people even faced very often. Is not it?
We are unsuccessful in a matter and our enthusiasm is broken, we can escape the demand for that issue and we can conclude that h I can't do it anyway [Perhapsyoucanjumpoverthesolutionabarrierisascloseasyoucanpress
There are some tests on Seligman's findings, not only on dogs, but also on people. Next week, we talk about the experiments of learned helplessness on people. Stay tuned, stay tuned …